Kubernetes pods

Posted on Jun 18, 2019   ∣  1 min read  ∣  Kubernetes

Kubernetes pods:

A pod is a collection of containers sharing a network and mount namespace and is the basic unit of deployment in Kubernetes. All containers in a pod are scheduled on the same node.

Multi-Container Pods in Kubernetes

Simple tutorial to demonstrate the concept of packaging multiple containers into a single pod.


clone this repo


Make sure that you have access to a Kubernetes cluster.

Build a Docker image from existing Python source code and push it to Docker Hub. Replace DOCKER_HUB_USER with your Docker Hub username.

cd Build
docker build . -t <DOCKER_HUB_USER>/py-red-sql
docker push <DOCKER_HUB_USER>/py-red-sql

Deploy the app to Kubernetes

cd ../Deploy
kubectl create -f db-pod.yml
kubectl create -f db-svc.yml
kubectl create -f web-pod-1.yml
kubectl create -f web-svc.yml

Check that the Pods and Services are created

kubectl get pods
kubectl get svc

Get the IP address of one of the Nodes and the NodePort for the web Service. Populate the variables with the appropriate values

kubectl get nodes
kubectl describe svc web

kubectl get nodes
export NODE_IP=<NODE_IP>

Initialize the database with sample schema

curl http://$NODE_IP:$NODE_PORT/init

Insert some sample data

curl -i -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST -d '{"uid": "1", "user":"John Doe"}' http://$NODE_IP:$NODE_PORT/users/add
curl -i -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST -d '{"uid": "2", "user":"Jane Doe"}' http://$NODE_IP:$NODE_PORT/users/add
curl -i -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST -d '{"uid": "3", "user":"Bill Collins"}' http://$NODE_IP:$NODE_PORT/users/add
curl -i -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST -d '{"uid": "4", "user":"Mike Taylor"}' http://$NODE_IP:$NODE_PORT/users/add

Access the data

curl http://$NODE_IP:$NODE_PORT/users/1

The second time you access the data, it appends ‘(c)’ indicating that it is pulled from the Redis cache

curl http://$NODE_IP:$NODE_PORT/users/1

Create 10 Replica Sets and check the data

kubectl create -f web-rc.yml
curl http://$NODE_IP:$NODE_PORT/users/1